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Construction Employment Climbs in May While Hourly Earnings Rise at Fastest Yearly Rate in 40 Years

Rapidly rising hourly earnings enabled the construction industry to add 36,000 employees in May, but a record number of job openings going into the month suggests contractors want to hire even more workers, according to an analysis by the Associated General Contractors of America of government data. Association officials said firms would have hired even more workers if they could find more people willing to work in the sector.


“It is encouraging that contractors were able to add workers in May, but they will need many more to meet the increasing demand for infrastructure and private nonresidential projects,” said Ken Simonson, the association’s chief economist. “Despite steeply rising pay for hourly workers, job openings in construction hit an all-time high at the end of April, while the industry’s low unemployment rate suggests experienced workers are scarce.”


Average earnings for production and nonsupervisory employees—mainly hourly craft workers in construction—rose by 6.3% from May 2021 to last month, the most since December 1982, Simonson pointed out. But average earnings in the overall private sector rose slightly faster, by 6.5%, making it hard for contractors to attract enough applicants to fill all openings. There were 494,000 construction-industry job openings at the end of April, a jump of 141,000 or 40% from April 2021. That was the largest total for any month since that series began in 2000, Simonson added, citing government data released June 1.


The unemployment rate among jobseekers with construction experience tumbled from 6.7% in May 2021 to 3.8% last month, the economist noted. The number of unemployed construction workers fell by 250,000 or 39% to 392,000, suggesting there are few experienced jobseekers left to hire.


Total construction employment moved up by 36,000 employees to 7,664,000 in May, with gains in each part of the industry. Employment in residential construction rose by 16,700 workers, including 5,000 employed by homebuilders and multifamily general contractors and 11,700 at residential specialty trade contractors. Nonresidential firms added 19,400 employees, including 2,400 at general building contractors, 5,700 at nonresidential specialty trade contractors, and 11,300 at heavy and civil engineering construction firms.

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